link to University of Utah Home link to Marriott Library Home
Off Campus Access - Log In

Utah Artists Project Logo

Thomas Moran

Thomas Moran was born in Lancashire, England in 1837. A landscapist who painted the Rocky Mountains and west coast scenes, Moran influenced many Utah painters. He died in Santa Barbara, California, in 1927.

Moran immigrated with his family to Philadelphia in 1844. His early artistic training consisted of learning the basics of oil painting from his brother, Edward, and being apprenticed to an engraver while he was in his teens. When Moran was in his twenties, he returned to England for more study.

In 1871, Moran traveled with the Ferdinand Hayden expeditionary party to the Yellowstone region. He painted his first major work, The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone (1872), from a photograph taken while he was on this expedition. His watercolor, Old Faithful (1873), was used to encourage Congress to pass legislation that Yellowstone should be preserved as a National Park.

Biography adapted from Artists of Utah. 

Thomas Moran (1837-1926), the famed California-based itinerant artist, influenced a number of our local landscape painters and also worked here upon occasion. A painter and a printmaker, Moran was an Englishman by birth, who had arrived in America in his teens. Taught the rudiments of oil painting by his brother, Edward Moran, Thomas returned to England in 1862 for further art study. Discovering the genius of J.M.W. Turner's painterly atmospheric studies there, Moran thought more in terms of the broad brush in later years than most of his Hudson River/Dusseldorf-oriented contemporaries did. Yet his philosophical attitude toward the landscape is linked more closely to an Albert Bierstadt-like panoramic view. Often in Utah in his prime to paint in the Wasatch Range (1872-75, 1900), Moran became acquainted with Harry Culmer and undoubtedly some other local artists as well. The work of this nationally celebrated painter, which evolved in the 1870s especially, became a prime stylistic fountainhead for interesting regional landscape development. He painted in Springville Canyon on one occasion.

Biography courtesy Artists of Utah.

Books

Adams, Celeste, Franklin Kelly, and Ronnie C. Tyler. America: Art and the West. [Australia]: American-Australian Foundation for the Arts, 1986.

Adams, Henry, and Kathryn C. Johnson. Made in America: Ten Centuries of American Art. New York, NY: Hudson Hills Press, 1995.

Adams, Henry. 25th Anniversary Exhibition Selected American Paintings. Greensburg, PA: The Museum, 1984.

Adamson, Jeremy Elwell. Niagara Two Centuries of Changing Attitudes 1697-1901. Washington, DC: Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1985.

Addison Gallery. Addison Gallery of American Art 65 Years A Selective Catalogue. Andover, MA: Addison Gallery of American Art, 1996.

Amarillo Art Center. Georgia O'Keeffe & Her Contemporaries. Amarillo, TX: The Center, 1985.

Anderson, Dennis R. Three Hundred Years of American Art In The Chrysler Museum. Norfolk, VA: Chrysler Museum at Norfolk, 1975.

Anderson, Nancy K. Thomas Moran. Washington, DC: Yale University Press, 1997.

Anschutz Collection. Painters of the American West: Selections from the Anschutz Collection. [S.l.]: Hirschfeld Press, 1981.

Archibald, E. H. H. Dictionary of Sea Painters. Woodbridge, UK: Antique Collectors' Club, 1980.

Artist in America, eds. The Artist in America. New York: Norton, 1967.

Axelrod, Alan. Art of the Golden West. New York: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Baer, Curtis O. Landscape Drawings. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1969.

Baigell, Mathew. American Painting and Sculpture A Concise History. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1984.

Baigell, Mathew. Dictionary of American Art. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1979.

Baird, Joseph Armstrong, Jr. Views of Yosemite The Last Stance of the Romantic Landscape. Fresno, CA: The Center, 1982.

Ballinger, James K. Beyond the Endless River W American Drawings, W/C-19th Century. Phoenix, AZ: Phoenix Art Museum, 1980.

Ballinger, James K. Visitors to Arizona 1846-1980. Phoenix, AZ: Phoenix Art Museum, 1980.

Barker, Virgil. A Critical Introduction to American Painting. New York, NY: W.E. Rudge for the Whitney Museum of American Art, 1931.

Barker, Virgil. American Painting History and Interpretation. New York, NY: Macmillan, 1950.

Barnhill, Georgia B. Wild Impressions the Adirondacks on Paper. Blue Mountain Lake, NY: D.R. Godine, 1995.

Baziin, Germain and A. Gloeckner. History of Modern Painting. New York, NY: Hyperion Press, distributed by Macmillan, 1951.

Beebe, Marjorie Harth, and Kay Koeninger. American Reflections: Paintings 1830-1940, from the Collections of Pomona College and Scripps College, Claremont, California. Claremont, CA: Pomona College, 1984.

Bell, David. Praeger Encyclopedia of Art. New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1971.

Benjamin, Samuel Greene. Wheele Art in America a Critical and Historical Sketch. New York, NY: Harper and Brothers, 1880.

Bennett, Ian. A History of American Painting. New York, NY: Hamlyn, 1973.

Bernard Danenberg Galleries. Our American Heritage Loan Exhibition New Britain Museum. New York, NY: Bernard Danenberg Galleries, 1968.

Birmingham Museum of Art. Splendors of the American West Thomas Moran/Grand Canyon/ Yellowstone. Birmingham, WA: Birmingham Museum of Art; Distributed by the University of Washington Press, 1990.

Boehme, Sarah E. Rendezvous to Roundup: The First 100 Years of Wyoming Art. Cody, WY: Buffalo Bill Historical Center, 1990.

Boehme, Sarah E. Whitney Gallery of American Art. Cody, WY: Buffalo Bill Historical Center, 1997.

Born, Wolfgang. American Landscape Painting; An Interpretation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1948.

Brodell, James and Occhiogrosso. Gregory Perillo and the Masters of American Western Art. Youngstown, OH: Butler Institute of American Art, 2000.

Broder, Patricia J. Great Paintings Old American West (Gilcrease). New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1979.

Broder, Patricia Janis. The American West The Modern Vision. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1984.

Bromberg, Anne R. Dallas Museum of Art Selected Works. Dallas, TX: The Museum, 1983.

Brooklyn Museum American Paintings. Brooklyn Museum Complete Illustrated Listing of Works. Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Museum, 1979.

Brooklyn Museum. American Watercolors, Pastels Collages/ The Brooklyn Museum. New York, NY: Brooklyn Museum; distributed by Pantheon Books 1984.

Brown, Dee. The Westerners. New York, NY: Holt: Rinehart and Winston, 1974.

Brown, Milton. West American Art to 1900 Painting, Sculpture, Architecture. New York, NY: H. N. Abrams, 1977.

Bruce, Chris. Myth of the West (Exhibition Henry Art Gallery, Seattle). New York, NY: Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, 1990.

Buffalo Bill Historical Center. Treasures from Our West. Cody, WY: Buffalo Bill Historical Center, 1992.

Caffin, Charles H. The Story of American Painting The Evolution of Painting in America. Garden City, NY: Garden City Pub. Co., 1937.

Canaday, John. The Lives of the Painters in Four Volumes. New York, NY: Norton, 1969.

Carnegie Institute, and Henry Adams. American Drawings and Watercolors in the Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute. Pittsburgh, PA: The Museum, 1985.

Carnegie Institute. Survey of American Painting. Pittsburgh, OH: Department of Fine Arts, Carnegie Institute, 1940.

Carr, Carolyn K. Revisiting the White City American Art at the 1893 World's Fair. Washington, DC: National Museum of American Art and National Portrait Gallery, 1993.

Chambers, Bruce W. American Paintings in the High Museum of Art: A Bicentennial Catalogue. Atlanta, GA: The Museum, 1975.

Chapellier Galleries. American Art Selections Turn of the Century. New York, NY: The Galleries, 1969.

Chetham, Charles, David F. Grose, and Ann H. Sievers. Smith College Museum of Art: A Guide to the Collections. Northampton, MA: The Museum, 1986.

Clark, Carol. Thomas Moran Watercolors of the American West. Austin, TX: Published for the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art by the University of Texas Press, 1980.

Clark, Eliot. History of the National Academy of Design 1825-1953. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1954.

Coke, Van Deren. Taos and Santa Fe: The Artists Environment 1882-1942. Albuquerque, NM: Published by the University of New Mexico Press for the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Ft. Worth, Tex. [and] the Art Gallery, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, 1963.

Columbus Museum of Art. A Nation's Legacy 150 Years of American Art from Ohio Collections. Columbus, OH: Columbus Museum of Art, 1992.

Corcoran Gallery of Art. Privately Owned Selection from Collections in Washington Area. Washington, DC: Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1952.

Craven, Wayne. American Art History and Culture. New York, NY: H.N. Abrams, 1994.

Cunningham, Elizabeth. Masterpieces of the American West Selections from the Anschutz Collection. [S.l.: s.n.], 1983.

Cunningham, Elizabeth. West, West, West, Major Paintings from the Anschutz Collection. Denver, CO: Anschutz Collection in association with University of Nebraska Press, 1991.

Curry, David, and E. O'Leary. American Dreams: Paintings and Decorative Arts from Warner Collection. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1997.

Curry, Larry. The American West Painters from Catlin to Russell. New York, NY: Viking Press, 1972.

Cuthbert, John A. Early Art and Artists in West Virginia. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press, 2000.

Czestochowski, Joseph S. The American Landscape Tradition A Study and Gallery of Paintings. New York, NY: E. Dutton, 1982.

D'Emilio, Sandra and S. Campbell. Visions and Visionaries Art and Artists of the Santa Fe Railway. Salt Lake City, UT: Peregrine Smith Books, 1991.

Danly, Susan and Leo Marx. The Railroad in American Art Representations of Technological Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988.

Davidson, Abraham. The Story of American Painting. New York, NY: H. N. Abrams, 1974.

Davidson, Marchshall. American Heritage History of The Artist's America. New York, NY: American Heritage Pub. Co., 1973.

Dawdy, Doris. Artists of the American West A Biographical Dictionary. Chicago, IL: Sage Books, 1974-1985.

Doezema, Marchianne. American Realism and the Industrial Age. Cleveland, OH: Bloomington, IN: Cleveland Museum of Art; Indiana University Press, 1980.

Dooley, John and The Philadelphia Sketch Club. A Salute to Philadelphia, 1682-1982. Philadelphia, PA: The Club, 1982.

Dorra, Henri. The American Muse. New York, NY: Viking Press, 1961.

Doumato, Lamia. American Drawing A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Co., 1979.

Dunbier, Lonnie Pierson, ed. The Artists Bluebook. Scottsdale, AZ: Ask ART.com. 2003.

Earle, Helen L. Biographical Sketches of American Artists. Charleston, SC: Garnier, 1972.

Eiteljorg, Harrison. Treasures of the American West Harrison Eiteljorg Collection. New York, NY: Balance House, 1981.

Ewers, John C. Artists of the Old West. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1982.

Fairbanks, Jonathan L. Becoming a Nation: Americana from the Diplomatic Reception Rooms, U.S. Department of State. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 2003.

Fairbanks, Jonathan L. Frontier America: The Far West. Boston, MA: Museum of Fine Arts, 1975.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Annual Exhibition Record, 1876-19 Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1988.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Annual Exhibition Record, 1901-19 National Academy of Design. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1990.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Dictionary of Signatures & Monogram. Madison, CT: Land O'Lakes, FL: Sound View Press; Distributed by Dealer's Choice Books, 1988.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Who Was Who in American Art Artists Active 1898-1947. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1985.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Who Was Who in American Art1564-1975. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999.

Falk, Peter. The Annual Exhibition Record of the Art Institute of Chicago. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1990.

Fees, Paul, and Sarah E. Boehme. Frontier America: Art From Buffalo Bill Historical Center. New York, NY: The Buffalo Bill Historical Center in association with H.N. Abrams, 1988.

Ferber, Linda and W. Gerdts. The New Path Ruskin and the American Pre-Raphealites. Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Museum: Distributed to the trade by Schocken Books, 1985.

Finch, Christopher. American Watercolors. New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1986.

Fine Art Dealers Association. Fine Art Dealers Association Presents the Eighth Annual Los Angeles Art Show: October 3-6, 2002, Barker Hangar, Santa Monica Airport. Los Angeles, CA: Fine Art Dealers Association, 2002.

Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego, and Martin E. Petersen. Master Works from the Collection of the Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego. San Diego, CA: The Museum, 1968.

Fink, Lois Marie. American Art at the Paris Salons Nineteenth Century. Washington, DC: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution; Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Fiske, Turbese and Kieth Lummis. Charles F Lummis. The Man and His West. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1975.

Flexner, James Thomas. Nineteenth Century American Painting. New York, NY: Putnam, 1970.

Flexner, James Thomas. That Wilder Image Painting of America's Native School. Boston, MA: Little, Brown 1962.

Florida Arts Celebration. Florida Visionaries: 1870-1930. Gainesville, FL: University Gallery, College of Fine Arts, University of Florida, 1989.

Fogg Art Museum, Harvard. American Art at Harvard. Cambridge, MA: Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University 1972.

Fort, Ilene Susan, and Michael Quick. American Art A Catalogue/Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA: The Museum; Distributed by University of Washington Press, 1991.

Frank S. Schwarz & Son. A Century of American Landscapes, 1812-1912. Philadelphia collection, 32. Philadelphia, PA: The Firm, 1986.

Fresella-Lee, Nancy. The American Paintings (in the) Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art. Seattle: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; In association with the University of Washington Press, 1989.

Fryxell, Fritiof. Thomas Moran Explorer in Search of Beauty. East Hampton, NY: East Hampton Free Library, 1958.

Gaehtgens, Thomas W., ed. Bilder aus der Neuen Welt Amerikanische Malerei des 18 und 19 Jahrhunderts. München, Germany: Prestel-Verlag, 1988.

Gardner, Albert. Ten Eyck History of Water Color in America. New York, NY: Reinhold Pub. Cor, 1966.

Gerald Peters Gallery. The West Explored The Gerald Peters Collection of Western American Art. Santa Fe, NM: Gerald Peters Gallery, 1988.

Gerdts, William H. Painting and Sculpture in New Jersey. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, 1964.

Gerdts, William Thistlewaite. Grand Illusions History Painting in America. Fort Worth, TX: Amon Carter Museum, 1988.

Gerdts, William. Art Across America (West). Vol. 1. New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Gerdts, William. Art Across America (West). Vol. 2. New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Gerdts, William. Art Across America (West). Vol. 3. New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Gidley, Mick. Catalogue of American Paintings in British Public Collections. Exeter, UK: University of Exeter, American Arts Documentation Centre, 1974.

Glubok, Shirley. Art of America in the Gilded Age. New York, NY: Macmillan, 1974.

Goddard, Donald. American Painting. New York, NY: Hugh Lauter Levin Associates: Distributed by Macmillan Pub. Co., 1990.

Goetzmann, William H. The West of the Imagination. New York, NY: Norton, 1986.

Gorokhoff, G. The American Landscape Tradition A Study and Gallery of Paintings Dictionary of 19th Cen American Artists in Italy American Paintings at Yale An illustrated Checklist. New Haven, CT: Yale University Art Gallery, 1982.

Graham, F Lanier. Three Centuries...American Painting M. H. deYoung and Palace of Legion of Honor. San Francisco, CA: M.H. De Young Memorial Museum, 1971.

Gussow, Alan. Sense of Place: The Artist and the American Land. San Francisco, CA: Friends of the Earth, 1972.

H.V. Allison Galleries. The American Spirit: Paintings, Watercolors and Sculpture from 1817 to 1987: Spring 1988: H.V. Allison Galleries. New York, NY: The Galleries, 1988.

Halsby, Julian. Venice/The Artist's Vision Guide to British and American Painters. London, UK: Batsford, 1990.

Harmsen, Dorothy. Harmsen's Western Americana. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Press, 1971.

Harrison, H., and C.A Denne. Hamptons Bohemia Two Centuries of Artists and Writers on the Beach. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 2002.

Hartmann, Sadakichi. A History of American Art. Boston, MA: L.C. Page & Co, 1932.

Hassrick, Peter H. Amon Carter Museum of Western Art Catalogue of the Collection. Fort Worth, TX: Amon Carter Museum, 1972.

Hassrick, Peter H. Drawn to Yellowstone: Artists in America's First National Park. Los Angeles, CA: Autry Museum of Western Heritage; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002.

Hassrick, Peter H. Treasures of the Old West Thomas Gilcrease Institute. New York, NY: Abrams, 1984.

Hassrick, Royal B. History of Western American Art. New York, NY: Exeter Books, 1987.

Hawes, Louis. The American Scene 1820-1900 Sesquicentenial Exhibition. Indiana U. Bloomington, IA: Indiana University Art Museum, 1970.

Hayes, Bartlett H. Drawings of the Masters: American Drawings. New York, NY: Shorewood, 1965.

Heckscher Museum. American Painting. Long Island, NY: The Museum, 1975.

Hills, Patricia. The American Frontier Images and Myths. New York, NY: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1973.

Hills, Patricia. The Painters' America Rural and Urban Life 1810-1910. New York, NY: Praeger, 1974.

Hinkhouse, F. M. An Exhibition of Paintings Of the Southwest. Phoenix, AZ: Art Museum, 1966.

Hirschl and Adler Galleries. America in Print 1796-1941. New York, NY: The Galleries, 1981.

Hirschl and Adler Galleries. American Masterworks on Paper Drawings, Watercolors and Prints. New York, NY: Hirschl & Adler Galleries, 1985.

Hirschl and Adler Galleries. American Paintings for Public and Private Collections. New York, NY: The Galleries, 1967.

Hirschl and Adler Galleries. Faces and Places Changing Images of 19th Century America. New York, NY: Hirschl & Adler Galleries, 1972.

Hirschl and Adler Galleries. Forty Masterworks of American Art. New York, NY: Hirschl and Adler Galleries, 1970.

Hirschl and Adler Galleries. Lines of Different Character Americn Art from 1727 to 1947. New York, NY: The Galleries, 1982.

Hirschl and Adler Galleries. The American Scene Life and Landscape of the 19th Century. New York, NY: Hirschl and Adler Galleries, 1969.

Holzer, Harold, and Marchk E. Neely Jr. Mine Eyes Have Seen The Glory The Civil War in Art. New York, NY: Orion Books, 1993.

Hoopes, Donelson F. American Watercolor Painting. New York, NY: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1977.

Howat, John K., and Natalie Spassky. 19th-Century America: Paintings and Sculpture; An Exhibition in Celebration of the Hundredth Anniversary of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, April 16 Through September 7, 1970. New York, NY: Distributed by New York Graphic Society, 1970.

Howat, John K., and Natalie Spassky. The Heritage of American Art. New York, NY: American Federation of Arts, 1975.

Hoyt, Deristhe L. The World's Painters and Their Pictures. Boston, MA: Ginn & Company, 1898.

Hughes, Edan Milton. Artists in California, 1786-1940. Sacramento, CA: Crocker Art Museum, 2002.

Hughes, Robert. American Visions The Epic History of Art in America. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.

Hunt, David C. Legacy of the West. Omaha, NE: Center for Western Studies, Joslyn Art Museum; Distributed by University of Nebraska Press, 1982.

Isham, Samuel. The History of American Painting. New York, NY: The Macmillan company, 1927.

Johnson, Deborah J. Whistler to Weidenaar American Prints 1870-1950. Providence, RI: Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, 1987.

Johnston, Sona K. American Painting 1750-1900 from the Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore, MD: The Museum, 1983.

Kennedy Galleries. Reality, Romanticism, Realism Two Centuries of American Painting. New York: Kennedy Galleries, 1967.

Kennedy, Elizabeth, and Katherine Bourguignon. An American Point of View: The Daniel J. Terra Collection. New York, NY: Hudson Hills, 2002.

Kinsey, Joni Louise. Thomas Moran and the Surveying of the American West. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Kinsey, Joni, James E. Babbitt, and Arnold Skolnick. The Majesty of the Grand Canyon: 150 Years in Art. Cobb, CA: First Glance Books, 1998.

Kloss, William and C. C. Eldredge. Treasures from the National Museum of American Art. Washington, DC: Baltimore: National Museum of American Art; Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985.

Kloss, William, and Donald J. Crump. A nation's pride: art in the White House. Washington, DC: White House Historical Assoc, 1992.

Krakel, Dean. Adventures in Western Art. Kansas City, KS: Lowell Press, 1977.

Kushner, Marchilyn S. Three Hundred Years American Painting Montclair Art Museum Collection. New York, NY: Hudson Hills Press: Distributed in the U.S. by Rizzoli International Publications, 1989.

Larson, Judy L., and Donelson F. Hoopes. American Paintings at the High Museum of Art. New York, NY: Hudson Hills Press in association with the High Museum of Art, 1994.

Lauren Rogers Museum of Art. Lauren Rogers Museum of Art Handbook of the Collections. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1989.

Leeds, Valerie Ann. Hidden Treasures American Paintings from Florida Collections. Orlando, FL: Orlando Museum of Art, 1992.

Lesko, Diane, ed. Catalogue of The Collection: Museum, St. Petersburg Florida. St. Petersburg, FL: The Museum, 1994.

Libby, Gary R., ed. Celebrating Florida Works of Art from the Vickers Collection. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1996.

Lindstrom, Gaell. Thomas Moran in Utah. Logan, UT: Utah State University, 1983.

Los Angeles County Museum. American Paintings from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Berkeley, CA: Los Angeles County Museum, 1966.

Lovell, Marchgaretta. A Visitable Past Views of Venice by American Artists 1860-1915. Chicago. IL: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Lovell, Margaretta. Venice The American View 1860-1920. San Francisco, CA: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, 1984.

Lowe Art Museum, and Paul E. Thompson. 19th Century American Topographic Painters: November 21, 1974-January 5, 1975. Coral Gables, FL: The Museum, 1974.

Lublin, Marchy. American Selections 1850-1950. [S.l.]: Lithograph Printing Co., 1992, 1991.

Mallett, Daniel Trowbridge. Index of Artists International Biographical. New York, NY: Smith, 1948.

Mason, Lauris, and Joan Ludman. Print Reference Sources Bibliography 18th-20th Centuries. Millwood, NY: KTO Press, 1979.

McCann, Chris. Master Pieces The Art History of Jigsaw Puzzles. Portland, OR: Collectors Press, 1998.

McCracken, Harold. Great Painters and Illustrators Of the Old West. New York, NY: Dover Publications, 1988.

McCracken, Harold. Portrait of the Old West. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1952.

McCracken, Harold. Western Paintings A Distinguished Collection (of). New York, NY: Edward Eberstadt and Sons, 1956.

Mead Art Gallery. Amherst American Art at Amherst Summary Catalogue of the Collection. Middletown, CT: Distributed by Wesleyan University Press, 1978.

Mendelowitz, Daniel M. A History of American Art. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960.

Mesa Southwest. Museum Capturing the Canyon Artists in the Grand Canyon. Mesa, AZ: Mesa Southwest Museum, 1987.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 200 Years of Watercolor Painting Centennial of American Watercolor Society. New York, NY: 1967.

Miami, U of, Lowe Art Gallery. Virgil Barker Memorial Collection. Coral Gables , FL: The Gallery, 1965.

Mint Museum. American Paintings The Landon Collection. Charlotte, NC: Mint Museum of Art, 1979.

Montclair Art Museum. The American Painting Collection of the Montclair Art Museum. Montclair, NJ: The Museum, 1977.

Moran, Thomas, Mary Nimmo Moran, and Amy O. Bassford. Home-Thoughts, from Afar; Letters of Thomas Moran to Mary Nimmo Moran. East Hampton, NY: East Hampton Free Library, 1967.

Morand, Anne, and Nancy Friese. The Prints of Thomas Moran in the Gilcrease Institute. Tulsa, OK: Thomas Gilcrease Museum Association, 1986.

Morand, Anne. Thomas Moran The Field Sketches 1856-1923. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press for the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art, Tulsa, 1996.

Moritz, Albert F. America the Picturesque In 19th Century Engraving. Baltimore, MD: The Museum, 1983.

Morrin, Peter, and Eric Zafran. American Landscape Painting Selections from the High Museum. Atlanta, GA: High Museum of Art, 1981.

Moure, Nancy, Dustin Wall. California Art: 450 Years of Painting & Other Media. Los Angeles, CA: Dustin Publications, 1998.

Muhlert, Jan K. American Paintings Selections from the Amon Carter Museum. Birmingham, AL: Oxmoor House, 1986.

Murphy, Thomas. Seven Wonderlands of the American West. Boston, MA: L.C. Page & Co., 1925.

Museum of New Mexico. Smithsonian Archives of American Art: Checklist of the Collection. Washington, DC: The Archives, 1975.

Museum of Western Art (Denver, Colo.), and William C. Foxley. Frontier Spirit: Catalog of the Collection of the Museum of Western Art. Denver, CO: The Museum, 1983.

Myers, Bernard S., ed. Encyclopedia of Painting (Painters of the World...etc). New York, NY: Crown Publishers, 1970.

Myers, Bernard. Encyclopedia of Painting. New York, NY: Crown Publishers, 1955.

Myers, Fred. The Treasures of The Gilcrease. Tulsa, OK: T. Gilcrease Museum Association, 1982.

National Academy of Design Artists by Themselves. Artist's Portrait's from the National Academy of Design. New York, NY: The Academy, 1983.

National Academy of Design. A Century and Half of American Art 1825-1975. New York, NY: Kennedy Galleries, 1973.

National Academy of Design. Commemorative Exhibition 1825-1925. New York, NY: National Academy of Design, 1925.

National Gallery of Art. American Art, 1785-1926: Seven Artist Profiles. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 2000.

National Gallery of Art. American Paintings An Illustrated Catalogue. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 1992.

National Gallery of Art. American Paintings from the Manoogian Collection. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art; Detroit Institute of Arts, 1989.

Naylor, Marchia. Exhibition Record 1861-1900 National Academy of Design. New York, NY: Kennedy Galleries, 1973.

Neff, Terry., ed. A Proud Heritage Two Centuries of American Art. Chicago, IL: Terra Museum of American Art, 1987.

Neuhaus, Eugen. The History and Ideals of American Art. Stanford University, CA: Stanford University Press, 1931.

Newark Museum. American Art in the Newark Museum Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture. Newark, NJ: The Museum, 1981.

Norman, Geraldine. Nineteenth-Century Painters and Painting/A Dictionary. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1977.

Norman, Januarye and Theodore. Traveler's Guide to American Art. New York, NY: Meredith Press, 1968.

North Carolina Museum of Art. American Paintings to 1900. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Museum of Art, 1966.

Novak, Barbara, Elizabeth Garrity Ellis, and Simon De Pury. Nineteenth-Century American Paintings. New York, NY: Vendome Press, 1986.

Novak, Barbara. Nature and Culture: American Landscape and Painting, 1825-1875. London, UK: Thames and Hudson, 1995.

Noverak, Barbara and A. Augustrund. Next to Nature/Landscape Paintings from the National Academy of Design. New York, NY: Harper & Row: National Academy of Design, 1980.

Noverak, Barbara. Nature and Culture American Landscape and Painting 1825-1875. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Oakland Museum, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, and E.B. Crocker Art Gallery. Tropical; Tropical Scenes by the 19th Century Painters of California. Oakland, CA: Oakland Museum, 1972.

Olpin, Robert S, William C. Seifrit, Vern G. Swanson. Artists of Utah. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith, l999.

Opitz, Glenn B., ed. Mantle Fielding's Dictionary American Painters, Sculptors et al. Poughkeepsie, NY: Apollo, 1986.

Owens, Gwendolyn Golden Day and Theodore Stebbins. Silver Night Perceptions of Nature in American Art 1850-1910. Ithaca, NY: H.F. Johnson Museum of Art, 1982.

Panama-Pacific International Exposition. Illustrated Catalogue of the Post-Exposition Exhibition in the Department of Fine Arts, Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, California, January First to May First, 1916. San Francisco, CA: San Francisco Art Association, 1915.

Parry, Ellwood. The Image of the Indian and the Black Man in American Art, 1590-1900. New York, NY: G. Braziller, 1974.

Peters, Gerald. The Gerald Peters Collection A Selection of Paintings. Santa Fe, NM: Gerald Peters, 1983.

Philbrook Art Center. The American Sense of Reality. Tulsa, OK: Philbrook Art Center, 1969.

Philbrook Museum of Art. Philbrook Museum of Art Handbook to the Collections. Tulsa, OK: The Museum, 1991.

Phoenix Art Museum, and Southwest Museum. The Lure of the West: The Carl S. Dentzel Collection of Western American Art. Phoenix, AZ: Phoenix Art Museum, 1987.

Phoenix Art Museum. Art of Arizona & the Southwest Paintings from Santa Fe Industries Inc. Phoenix, AZ: Phoenix Art Museum, 1975.

Phoenix Art Museum. Art of the Western Scene 1880-1940. Phoenix, AZ: The Museum, 1970.

Phoenix Art Museum. Collecting Phoenix Art Museum, 1957-1984. Dallas, TX: The Museum, 1983.

Pisano, Ronald G. Long Island Landscape Painting 1820-1920. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1985.

Polley, Robert Lutz. The Beauty of America in Great American Art. Waukesha, WI: Country Beautiful Foundation, 1965.

Price, Vincent. The Vincent Price Treasury of American Art. Waukesha, WI: Country Beautiful, 1972.

Prown, Julyes. Discovered Lands Invented Pasts Transforming Visions of the American West. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992.

Public Education Association. The American Vision Paintings 1825-1875. New York, NY: 1968.

Quasha, Jennifer. How to Draw Idaho's Sights and Symbols. New York, NY: Powerkids Press, 2002.

Rasmussen, William and R. Tilton. Old Virginia: The Pursuit of a Pastoral Ideal. Charlottesville, VA: Howell Press, 2003.

Rathbone, Perry T., ed. Westward the Way Louisiana Territory as Seen by Artists and Writers. St. Louis, MO: City Art Museum of St. Louis in collaboration with the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, 1954.

Reed, Sue Welsh and Carol Troyen. Awash in Color Homer, Sargent and the Great American Watercolor. Boston, MA: Museum of Fine Arts in association with Bulfinch Press, Little, Brown, 1993.

Reed, Walt-Illustration House. The Illustrator in America 1860-2000. New York, NY: Madison Square Press, 2000.

Richard York Gallery. An American Gallery. New York, NY: Richard York Gallery, 1986.

Richard York Gallery. Italian Presence in American Art1860-1920. New York, NY: Richard York Gallery, 1989.

Rockwell Museum. American Western Art. Corning, NY: The Museum, 1989.

Rossi, Paul, and David Hunt. The Art of the Old West From the Collection of the Gilcrease Institute. New York, NY: Promontory Press, 1981.

Rubin, Stephen. American Watercolors from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: American Federation of Arts in association with Harry N. Abrams Inc, 1991.

Samuels, Harold, and Peggy Samuels. Techniques of the Artists of the American West. Secaucus, NJ: Wellfleet Press, 1990.

Santa Barbara Museum of Art. America in Art Fifty Great Paintings Celebrating Fifty Years. Santa Barbara, CA: Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 1991.

Saunders, Richard H. Collecting the West: The C R Smith Collection. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1988.

Shackelford, George T. M. Nineteenth-Century American Print From the Dartmouth College Collection. [S.l. : s.n.], 1977.

Shalkop, Robert L. A Show of Color 100 Years of Painting/Pike's Peak Region. Colorado Springs, CO: Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, 1971.

Sheldon, G. W. American Painters With Eighty-three Engraved Examples of Their Work. New York, NY: D. Appleton, 1879.

Shipp, Steve. American Art Colonies 1850-1930. A Guide to Original Art Colonies and Their Artists. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Simpson, Marc. The American Canvas/Paintings from Collection Fine Art Museum, San Francisco. New York, NY: Hudson Hills Press in association with the Museums ; Distributed in the U.S. by Rizzoli International Publications, 1989.

Simpson, Marc. The Rockefeller Collection American Art (at San Francisco Museums Fine Art). Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico, 2002.

Skolnick, Arnold and Suzan Campbel. Paintings of the Southwest. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico, 2002.

Slatkin, Charles R. Schoolman. Treasury of American Drawings. New York, NY: Oxford Univ. Press, 1947.

Smith, Bradley. The U S A: A History in Art. New York, NY: Crowell, 1975.

Smithsonian Institution. American Landscape A Changing Frontier. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1966.

Smithsonian. Smithsonian Archives of American Art: Checklist of the Collection. Washington: The Archives, 1975.

Soby, James Thrall and D. C. Miller. Romantic Painting in America. New York, NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1943.

Soria, Regina. Dictionary of 19th Century American Artists in Italy. The American Landscape Tradition A Study and Gallery of Paintings (1760-1914). Rutherford, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1982.

Southwest Art. Master Index 1971-1993 Artists in Southwest Art. Houston, TX: Southwest Art, 1993.

Southwest Art. Southwest Art's Red Book Price Guide to Western Art – 1997. Houston, TX: Enthusiast Media, l997.

Southwest Art. The Red Book Western American Price Index. Houston, TX: Southwest Art, 1992.

Spanierman Gallery, ed. The Spirit of America: American Art from 1829 to 1970. New York, NY: Spanierman Gallery, 2002.

Spassky, Natalie, and Kathleen Luhrs, eds. American Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 2, A Catalogue of Works by Artists Born between 1816 and 1845. New York, NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 1985.

Springville Museum of Art. Permanent Collection Catalog Springville Museum of Art. Springville, UT: Springville Museum of Art, 1972.

Stebbins, Theodore E. The Lure of Italy American Artists and the Italian Experience. Boston, MA: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1992.

Stein, Roger B. Seascape and the American Imagination. New York, NY: C.N. Potter: Distributed by Crown Publishers, 1975.

Stewart, Rick, and Don Hedgpeth. The American West Legendary Artists of the Frontier. [S.l.]: Lithograph Printing Co., 1992.

Strazdes, Diana. American Paintings and Sculpture to 1945 in the Carnegie Museum of Art. New York, NY: Hudson Hills Press in association with the Museum: Distributed by National Book Network, 1992.

Sullivan, Mark W. The Hudson River School An Annotated Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1991.

Susan Sheehan Inc. American Masterworks on Paper 1800-1960. New York, NY: Susan Sheehan Inc., 1988.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Art. Layton, UT. Gibbs Smith Publishing Co, 1991.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Painting and Sculpture. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 1997.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, Donna Poulton, and Janie L. Rogers. 150 Year Survey Utah Art & Artists. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith, 2002.

Sweeney, J. Gray. Artists of Michigan from The Nineteenth Century. Muskegon, MI: Muskegon Museum of Art, 1987.

Sweeney, J. Gray. Great Lakes Machine Painting of the Nineteenth Century. Muskegon, MI: The Museum, 1983.

Sweeney, J. Gray. Masterpieces, Western American Art. New York, NY: Mallard Press, 1991.

Sweeney, J. Gray. Themes in American Painting. Grand Rapids, MI: The Museum, 1977.

Sweet, Frederick A. The Hudson River School Early American Landscape Tradition. Chicago, IL: Art Institute of Chicago, 1945.

Sweetkind, Irene, and W. H. Gerdts. Master Paintings from the Butler Institute of American Art. New York, NY: H.N. Abrams in association with the Butler Institute of American Art, 1994.

Taft, Robert. Artists and Illustrators- Old West 1850-1900. New York, NY: Scribner, 1953.

Tampa Museum of Art. At the Water's Edge 19th & 20th Century American Beach Scenes. Tampa, FL: The Museum, 1989.

Tatham, David. Prints and Printmakers of New York State, 1825-1940. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Taylor, Joshua C. America as Art. Washington, DC: Published for the National Collection of Fine Arts by the Smithsonian Institution Press, 1976.

Taylor, Joshua C. The Fine Arts in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Taylor, Joshua. National Parks and the American Landscape. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1972.

Trenton, Patricia, and Peter H. Hassrick. The Rocky Mountains: A Vision for Artists in the Nineteenth Century. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1983.

Trenton, Patricia. The West as Art Western Art in Calfornia Collections. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1983.

Troccoli, Joan Carpenter. Painters and the American West: The Anschutz Collection. Denver, CO: Yale University Press, 2000.

Troyen, Carol, and Pamela Tabbaa. The Great Boston Collectors Paintings from the Museum of Fine Arts. Boston, MA: Distributed by Northeastern University Press, 1984.

Truettner, William H. The West as America Reinterpreting Images of Frontier. Washington, DC: Published for the National Museum of American Art by the Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991.

Tyler, Ron. American Canvas The Art, Eye, and Spirit of Pioneer Artists. New York, NY: Portland House, 1990.

Universal Exposition, ed. Saint Louis, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1904, Catalogue. Hartford, CT: Magazine Co., 1904.

University of Kansas. Museum of Art. The Arcadian landscape: 19th-century American painters in Italy. Kansas, KA: The Museum, 1972.

Van Nostrand, Jeanne. The First Hundred Years of Painting in California 1775-1875. San Francisco, CA: J. Howell-Books, 1980.

Vincent, Stephen. O California 19th & Early 20th Century Landscapes. San Francisco, CA: Bedford Arts, 1990.

Viola, Herman J. Exploring the West. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books; Trade distribution by H.N. Abrams, 1987.

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Painting in the South 1564-1980. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1983.

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. The Main Currents in the Development of American Art. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Art, 1936.

Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington New and Revised Edition. New York, NY: H. N. Abrams, 1984.

Ward, Johanna Walsh. The Renaisance of Western Art. Franklin Center, PN: Franklin Mint, 1974.

Ward, Meredith. Adventure and Inspiration American Artists in Other Lands. New York, NY: Hirschl & Adler Galleries, 1988.

Ward, Roger and Patricia J. Fidler. The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art A Handbook of the Collection. New York: Hudson Hills Press in association with the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art; Distributed in the U.S. by National Book Network, 1993.

Watkins, T. H. and Joan Watkins. Western Art Masterpieces. New York, NY: H. Lauter Levin Associates, 1996.

Watrous, James. American Printmaking A Century of American Printmaking 1880-1980. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.

Weber, Bruce, and William H. Gerdts. In Nature's Ways American Landscape/Late Nineteenth Century. West Palm Beach, FL: The Gallery, 1987.

Wilkins, Thurman, and Caroline Lawson Hinkley. Thomas Moran Artist of the Mountains. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998.

Wilkins, Thurman. Thomas Moran Artist of the Mountains. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1966.

Wilkins, Thurman. Thomas Moran, Artist of the Mountains.  Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1966.

William Kloss. Treasures from the National Museum of American Art. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985.

Williams, William James. A Heritage of American Paintings From the National Gallery of Art. Maplewood, NJ: Hammond, 1981.

Wilmerding, John American. Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. New York, NY: Hudson Hills Press, 1980.

Wilmerding, John. American Machine Painting.2nd ed. New York, NY: Abrams, 1987.

Wilmerding, John. The Waters of America 19th Century Paintings of Rivers. New York, NY: Hudson Hills Press, 1984.

Wilton, Andrew and Tim Barringer. American Sublime: Landscape Painting in the United States 1820-1880. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002.

Wunderlich, R. and L. A. Fleischman. American Masters 18th and 19th Centuries. New York, NY: Kennedy Galleries, 1973.

Yaeger, Bert D. The Hudson River School American Landscape Artists. New York, NY: Smith Mark, 1996.

Zellman, Michael David. 300 Years Years of American Art. Secaucus, NJ: Wellfleet Press, 1987.

Periodicals

Adams, Elaine. "In the Land of Casa Nova: American California." Art Club Newsletter, February 2003.

Broad, Harry A. "The Art of Thomas Moran." Magazine of American History and Art, 5, January 1983.

Fairbanks and Serfaty. "Americana from the US Department." American Art Review, April 2003.

Kinsella, Eileen. "The New Gold Rush." ARTNews, May 2003.

McCord, Andy. "Auction Records for Art Marchket." ARTNews, February 2003.

Nottage, James H. "Call Him Yellowstone." Art of the West, November 2002.

 Last Modified 8/28/13