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John W. Clawson

John Willard Clawson was born in Salt Lake City, Utah in 1858. A nationally known portrait painter he studied with the impressionist masters of his time. He died in Salt Lake City in 1936. 


In 1881, Clawson began a three-year course of study at the National Academy of Design in New York. In 1891, he began his study at the Académie Julian in Paris where his instructors were Constant, Laurens, and Lefebre. Clawson had further study at the École des Beaux Arts under Edouard Manet and Claude Monet, the impressionist masters. The influences of impressionism are evident in Clawson's works.

Clawson opened a studio in San Francisco, but the 1906 earthquake destroyed his studio and many of his paintings.  He moved to Los Angeles, and then to New York, and back to Southern California. Having always wanted to paint landscapes, he returned to Salt Lake City in 1933.  Portrait of Matthew Henry Walker (1923) and Plein-Air Landscape of Southern California (1925) are examples of his work.

Biography adapted from Springville Museum of Art.

One of the most successful Utah artists of the latenineteenth century, John Willard Clawson was born on January 18, 1858. He was born to Hiram B. Clawson and Alice Young Clawson, a daughter of Brigham Young, who was then President of the L.D.S. Church. Will (as he was called) was born in the blue room of the Beehive House, the house built by Brigham Young for his wives and their families. As a boy and throughout his life, Will was known for his pleasing personality and his ability to get along with people.

Clawson received his education in the Salt Lake City school system and later studied at the University of Deseret under George M. Ottinger. His talent in art was so apparent to his teachers that they encouraged him to go to New York City to study in the best schools. Will's father worked as a businessman and disapproved of art as a profession for his son. He refused to pay for Will's trip to New York. After other people offered to pay for the trip Will's father consented to support him on his trip. In 1881, Clawson and his new bride, Mary Clark, moved to New York City.

During his three years in New York, Clawson studied with great success at the National Academy of Design, receiving acclaim and awards from his instructors. After he completed his schooling, Clawson returned with his family to Salt Lake City and opened a private studio. Although he preferred painting landscapes, it soon became clear that most of his money would be made from portraits commissions. In 1891, because of a desire for further study, Clawson left Utah for Paris, France, to enroll in the famed Academie Julian where he studied under such artists as Constant, Laurens, and Lefebvre. In addition, Clawson studied at Fernand Cormon's Atelier and was accepted at the Ecole de Beaux Arts. He was one of a select few who received criticism and instruction from Edouard Manet and Claude Monet. While in Europe, he spent nine months studying under Julius Stewart in Venice and a short time studying in England, where he completed several portraits for members of the English Parliament.

The influences of Impressionism are evident in Clawson's works. To portray his subjects, he used warm, bright colors and thickly applied paint combined with a strong knowledge of human anatomy which he had gained from studying cadavers. While he continued to be a financial success throughout his life, Clawson reached his peak as an artist during this time in Europe.

Clawson returned to Utah in 1896, where he opened a studio for a few years. During his stay, the Society of Utah Artists was formed and Clawson served as the first secretary. Once again Clawson left Utah, this time for California, where he established a studio in San Francisco. Will Clawson had built a very successful studio and was happy in San Francisco, but in 1906, the San Francisco earthquake and fires destroyed much of the city. Clawson's studio was completely destroyed along with $80,000 worth of paintings. He was forced to start over again and left the ruined city of San Francisco for Los Angeles, then for New York City, and finally, back to Southern California. Clawson's individual style of using fresh colors and glorifying his subjects brought success back to his business. He painted women, showing their grace and beauty, and he painted men with a rugged strength, even if he occasionally had to create it for them. Many famous movie and theater stars in Los Angeles and New York City sought after him to paint their portraits.

By 1933, Clawson had made enough money painting portraits of movie and theater stars to retire to Utah for the remainder of his life. Utah lured Clawson back with her mysterious deserts, far-reaching mountains, and endless skies. He wanted to fulfill a life-long desire to paint landscapes, and he felt Utah offered him the best opportunity. Will always had a love of the outdoors, but having lived most of his life in the big cities, he never had the opportunity to paint the kind of landscapes found in the deserts of Utah. He had only been back in Utah for three years when on April 6, 1936, after having spent a day in his studio working on a portrait of the first Mormon prophet Joseph Smith, he suffered a fatal heart attack and died at the age of 78.

Biography courtesy of Springville Museum of Art.

Books

Carr, Carolyn K. Revisiting the white city: American Art at the 1893 World's Fair. Washington, D.C.: National Museum of American Art and National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 1993.

Davenport, Ray. Davenport's Art Reference. Ventura, CA: Davenport's Art Reference, 2001.

Dawdy, Doris. Artists of the American West: A Biographical Dictionary. Chicago, IL: Sage Books, 1990.

Dunbier, Lonnie P. ed. The Artists Bluebook: 29,000 North American Artists. Scottsdale, AZ: AskART.com, 2003.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Who Was Who in American Art : Compiled from the Original Thirty-four Volumes of American Art Annual--Who's Who in Art, Biographies of American Artists Active from 1898-1947. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1985.

Falk, Peter Hastings. Who Was Who in American Art, 1564-1975: 400 Years of Artists in America. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999.

Gerdts, William H. Art Across America: Two Centuries of Regional Painting, 1710-1920. New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Haseltine, James L. 100 Years of Utah Painting: Selected Works from the 1840s to the 1940s. Salt Lake City, UT: Salt Lake Art Center, 1965.

Hughes, Edan M. Artists in California: 1786-1940. 3rd ed. Sacramento, CA: Crocker Art Museum, 2002.

Moure, Nancy Dustin Wall. Publications in Southern California Art 1, 2, & 3. Los Angeles: Dustin Publications, 1984.

Olpin, Robert S., William C. Seifrit, and Vern G. Swanson. Artists of Utah. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 1999.

Samuels, Peggy and Harold Samuels. The Illustrated Biographical Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Art. Layton, UT: Peregrine Smith Books, 1991.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Painting and Sculpture. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 1991.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, Donna Poulton, and Janie Rogers. 150 Years Survey of Utah Art, Utah Artists. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 2001.

Weinberg, H. Barbara. The American Pupils of Jean-Léon Gérôme. Fort Worth, TX: Amon Carter Museum, 1984.

 Last Modified 9/3/14