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James T. Harwood

James Taylor Harwood was born in Lehi, Utah in 1860 into an arts-oriented family. He was the first of the late-nineteenth-century Utah artists to study in Paris. As a painter, he his work shows the beginning of Utah impressionism. He died in Salt Lake City, Utah in 1940.

Dan Weggeland and Alfred Lambourne, two noted Utah artists, were his early instructors and mentors. He also studied under Virgil Williams in San Francisco. In 1888, he began study at the Académie Julian under Jules LeFebre and Benjamin Constant and in 1889 and at the École des Beaux-Arts under Léon Bonnat in 1890. Harwood served as chair of the University of Utah Art department from 1923 to 1931.

Paintings like The Gleaners show evidence of Harwood's French impressionist training. J.T. Harwood was the first Utah artist to have his paintings accepted in Paris Salon.  Preparations for Dinner (1892), Young Mechanic (1903), Boy Whittler (1904), and Adoration of the Ages (1905) were exhibited in Paris.

Biography adapted from Springville Museum of Art.

J. T. Harwood was born in Lehi, Utah, on April 8, 1860, into an arts-oriented family. As a youth he spent time sketching, and later studied art with Utah artists George M. Ottinger and Danquart A. Weggeland. In 1888, at their urging, Harwood became one of the first of a group of Utah-born artists to travel to France and study art in Paris.

Before going to Paris, Harwood fell in love with his art student, Harriet Richards; and in 1891, while in Paris, they married. In 1892, he became the first Utahn to have a painting in the prestigious Paris Salon. During the next few years, the Harwood's divided their time between a Salt Lake City studio and Paris, where they returned repeatedly for “refresher” experiences. In 1904, having returned to the United States, James began to teach art in the local Salt Lake City high schools and to paint in his studio.

During the period of 1907 to 1910, Harwood's work changed from tightly controlled Academic Realism paintings similar to the 17th century Dutch and became more oriented toward tonalism and somewhat broader in approach as he moved toward Impressionism. In April of 1921, his beloved Harriet died. Two years later, Harwood became the head of the art department at the University of Utah. As chairman, he developed an art program which craftsmanship, an emphasis that was carried forward long after Harwood was gone.

In December of 1927, Harwood met and fell in love with a young literature student, Ione Godwin. Their relationship was considered scandalous because of the age difference of 47 years, but on June 1, 1929, they married. Harwood found in Ione the inspiration to begin a re-energized period of work.

At 70, Harwood resigned from the University of Utah to have more time to paint and took his family to Paris once again, where he painted, made prints, and participated in exhibits. Over the next nine years, Harwood's art became recognized for its pointillist style. He made frequent trips to Europe until 1939, when the threat of war kept the Harwoods in Salt Lake City, where he died in October of 1940.

Harwood, although an exacting draftsman, had a warm personality and was known as a “patient, loving teacher.” As an artist, he is known for charming “slice of life” genre paintings like Boy and Cat: My Little Son, Heber James and Richard's Camp, Holiday Park–Weber Canyon as well as for his later pointillist landscapes. He also was a gifted printmaker and watercolorist.

The Art

In Boy and Cat: My Little Son, Heber James , the artist's fifth and last child, Heber James Harwood (1905- ), is shown sitting on a pew from an old Latter-day Saint (L.D.S.) chapel, which Harwood bought and put in his studio. The barefooted Heber James wears overalls while he sits and eats a raisin bun. A pet cat curiously sniffs, interested in the food, and the child's eyes tenderly engage the viewer. The picture is a warm embodiment of family life, painted by a caring father, James T. Harwood.

The painting is a combination of the Academic Realist and Impressionist styles. The emphasis on rational space, clarity, order, calm and quiet which Harwood adopted from the academic tradition is combined in this painting with the beginnings of the influences Impressionism would have on him. Through the use of the impressionist brush technique, Harwood was able to capture the essence of the young boy without resorting to minute details.

Biography courtesy Springville Museum of Art.

Newspaper Articles

"Galleries." The Deseret News, February 8, 1998.

"J.T. Harwood Dean of Utah Artists Will Be Honored as He Reaches 80th Milestone." The Deseret News, April 6, l940.

"Showing at local galleries." The Deseret News, April 7, 2002.

"Coming Up: Visual Art." The Salt Lake Tribune, September 19, 1999.

Books

Dawdy, Doris Ostrander. Artists of the American West: A Biographical Dictionary. Chicago, IL: Sage Books, 1974.

Falk, Peter H., Audrey M. Lewis, Georgia Kuchen, and Veronika Roessler. Who Was Who in American Art, 1564-1975: 400 Years of Artists in America. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999.

Fink, Lois Marie. American Art at the Nineteenth-Century Paris Salons. Washington, D.C.: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1990.

Gerdts, William H. Art Across America: Two Centuries of Regional Painting, 1710-1920. New York, NY: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Gibbs, Linda Jones. Harvesting the Light: The Paris Art Mission and Beginnings of Utah Impressionism. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1987.

Gibbs, Linda Mary Jones. Masterworks: From the Collection of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Salt Lake City, UT: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1984.

Haseltine, James L. 100 Years of Utah Painting; Selected Works from the 1840s to the 1940s. Salt Lake City, UT:Salt Lake Art Center 1965.

Olpin, Robert S. A Basket of Chips: An Autobiography by James Taylor Harwood. Salt Lake City, UT: Tanner Trust Fund, l985.

Olpin, Robert S. Dictionary of Utah Art. Salt Lake City, UT: Salt Lake Art Center, 1980.

Olpin, Robert S., William C. Seifrit, and Vern G. Swanson. Artists of Utah. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 1999.

Opitz, Glenn, and Alice Coe McGlauflin. Dictionary of American Artists: 19th & 20th Century. Poughkeepsie, NY: Apollo Book, 1982.

South, Will. "The Life & Times of James Taylor Harwood." Masters Thesis, University of Utah, 1986.

South, Will. James T. Harwood 1860-1940. Salt Lake City, UT: Museum of Fine Arts, University of Utah, 1987.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, and William C. Seifrit. Utah Painting and Sculpture. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 1991.

Swanson, Vern G., Robert S. Olpin, Donna Poulton, and Janie Rogers. 150 Years Survey Utah Art, Utah Artists. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith Publisher, 2001.

Periodicals

Bradley, Martha S. "Mary Teasdel, Yet Another American In Paris," Utah Historical Quarterly, vol. 58, #3 l990. p. 244.

Seifrit, William. "Letters from Paris." Utah Historical Quarterly, vol. 54, #3, l986. p. 179.

South, Will. "All's Right With the World: the J.T. Harwood Perspective." Utah Holiday Magazine, vol. 17 #5, February l988.

 Last Modified 9/3/14