Digital Equipment Facilities
The Digital Operations department at the J. Willard Marriott Library provides digitization services for practically all materials, including print (bound volumes and loose sheets), maps, slides, negatives (including glass plates), audio and video, even rare and fragile materials like papyrus. Using a wide array of hardware and software, we scan physical materials, generate digital images, attach metadata to those objects, and load them into our digital asset database to provide general-public access via the Internet.
The partial list of the software programs we use includes:
- Adobe Photoshop CS5 and CS6 graphics software is used extensively for image manipulation, correction and restoration. Photoshop is also used for text formatting and file compression and conversion.
- Adobe Acrobat Professional portable document format (PDF) software is used to edit, create and publish PDF documents. Acrobat Pro is also used to apply optical character recognition (OCR) to PDF files.
- Adobe Audition is used to mix and edit digitally converted audio.
- Adobe Premiere Pro andApple Final Cut Pro are used to edit digital video before making it available online.
- ABBYY FineReader is an optical character recognition (OCR) software. Image files of scanned text are “read” by ABBYY and the resulting transcript file (along with the image file) is uploaded to the digital collections as a full-text searchable document.
- CONTENTdm (CDM) is digital asset management software. CONTENTdm houses the digital files and their associated metadata, maintains a long-term storage archive, and makes everything available to the Internet through a series of browse, search, and other display templates. One of its biggest advantages is that it can support all forms of materials in a single database. At present we have 150 individual collections and more than 340,000 digital objects in our main CDM database. We also have a second instance of CDM. This database houses our Utah Digital Newspapers, which contains more than 850,000 pages of historical Utah newspapers.
The Kirtas APT BookScan 2400RA incorporates two 16 megapixel Canon EOS-1DS Mark II digital cameras to photograph both right- and left-hand pages simultaneously through the cameras' 24-105mm Zoom EF lenses. The patented SmartCradle™ Dynamic Book Handler holds the book open at exactly 110 degrees throughout the process, providing low-stress support for rare and fragile books. Meanwhile, the SureTurn™ robotic arm reduces the need for manipulating pages by hand. The computer-controlled arm uses an adjustable vacuum system, in tandem with page fluffers, to gently pick up and turn one page at a time.
The Kirtas is used to scan hard- and soft-cover books and loose sheets. It scans at a much higher speed than traditional flatbed scanners, up to 40 pages per minute. Using its proprietary software we can easily create digital facsimiles of an original book, even making it print-ready for our Electronic Book Machine housed in the Library Store.
FLATBED AND FILM SCANNERS
Epson Expression 10000XL Photo scanners with transparency units
This flatbed and film scanner digitizes up to 2400 dpi resolution, 48-bit color, and 3.8 Dmax optical resolution. It can scan reflective media up to 12.2 x 17.2 inches and transparencies up to 12.2 x 16.5 inches.
Epson Perfection V700 Photo scanners with transparency units
This flatbed and film scanner digitizes reflective materials up to 4,800 dpi and film up to 6,400 dpi resolution. It can scan slides, negatives, and medium format film at 6400 x 9600 dpi resolution for film enlargements up to 17 x 22 inches. The dual lens system automatically selects two lenses for desired resolution. With a 4.0 Dmax optical resolution, it offers exceptional image quality, excellent detail in shadow areas and remarkable tonal range. 48–bit color and 16–bit grayscale provide subtle shades and accurate color reproduction.
LARGE FORMAT SCANNERS
Colortrac SmartLf GxT 42
This scanner provides fast, high-quality scans of large-format photographs, maps, posters and other documents that require a wide color gamut and high dynamic range. It has a 42” image width and 1200 maximum dpi. It is primarily used for map scanning.
35MM SLIDE AND NEGATIVE SCANNER
Nikon Super CoolScan 5000 with SF 210 automatic slide feeder
This 35mm film scanner with Digital ICE technology allows for digitizing of slides and negatives up to 4000 dpi optical resolution. The automatic slide feeder allows for scanning up to 50 mounted slides. It is also able to digitize 35mm film strips.
Hasselblad H2D Digital Camera
This high-end camera has Hasselblad HC lenses with integral leaf shutter, F2.8 aperture, 32s-1/800s shutter speed, built-in flash, 90-degree reflex viewfinder with diopter adjustment, 4080 x 5440 pixel image size, and 50-400 ISO ratings. It is used to scan large or delicate originals, three dimensional objects and for hand-held shots.
Nikon D70 Digital SLR
This camera has 6.31 Megapixel CCD giving 3008 x 2000 pixel images, 1/8,000 maximum shutter speed, flash sync at up to 1/500, auto white balance, and TTL color matrix metering using 1005 pixel sensor. It is used to scan large or delicate originals, three dimensional objects and for hand-held shots.
Canopus ADVC110 Bi-Directional Analog-to-Digital Convertor
It converts audio and video analog signals to digital. It is used in conjunction with the analog audio-visual playback devices to digitize analog materials.
Tascam 202 MKIV audio cassette deck
A dual cassette deck, it is primarily used with the Canopus (above) to playback and digitize audio cassettes for online streaming and digital preservation of the originals.
Canon Vixia HV40 High-Definition Mini–DV Camcorder
A Mini-DV camcorder, it records in both Standard and High-Definition. It is also used as a playback device to convert Mini-DV tape to other formats for online streaming and digital preservation of the originals.
Panasonic PV-7662 Metal Head VHS Video Deck
A VHS player/recorder, it is used primarily as a playback device to digitize VHS videotapes for online streaming and digital preservation of the originals.
Sony VO-9850 U-matic Videocassette Recorder
Sony 3/4" U-matic videocassette recorder, player, editor with Type-C Dolby noise reduction, full automatic assemble and insert editing, 9-pin RS-422 serial interface, Time Code Generator/Reader, TBC, JOG/SHUTTLE dial operation +/- x1/30 to x8, Dial Menu Operation, dubbing connectors, balanced audio with XLR connectors, 8 digit LED counter. It is used to output video and audio on U-matic analog recording videocassettes to convert to a digital format.
Scully 280 Reel to Reel tape deck
Professional audio tape recorder originally used for recording and playback of 1/4" open reel magnetic tape. It is used to output analog audio to convert to a digital format.