Tim Garrett, an associate professor of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Utah, has been in local and world news recently. His provocative study, Are There Basic Physical Constraints on Future Anthropogenic Emissions of Carbon Dioxide?, was published online this week in the journal of Climatic Change. We uploaded it today to USpace. At the foundation of his study is Garrett’s use of physics to create a new global economic growth model. The article has created some controversy because of the study’s indications that energy conservation ultimately increases economic growth and therefore leads to accelerated energy consumption; and that stabilizing CO2 emissions even at current rates is not possible. A good summary of the study can be found here.
USpace now has the capability to archive research posters created by students and faculty at the UofU in a media-rich format. Posters in USpace may now include embedded audio and video, PowerPoint slides, PDF or Word documents, and Web links.
Today’s article, then, is a research poster. It’s a poster created to highlight a class for researchers and other creators here at the U, called Publishing SMART: How to Make your Article Visible. The aim of the class is to help scholars achieve the most impact for their publications through the publishing and archiving choices they make.
As the summer winds down and school is about to start for learners of all ages, I find myself wondering where the summer went. Many of us have the same feelings, I know. I think of my two teenagers, in particular, and the various ways they have filled their summer hours: sleeping-in, reading, swimming, paid employment, etc. I poked around UScholar Works for an article related to this general topic and came across a working paper by Professor Cathleen Zick titled Over-Scheduled or at Loose Ends? The Shifting Balance of Adolescent Time Use.
In this paper Professor Zick notes that, over the past decades, there has been a decline in the number of hours adolescents spend working a job. She uses two time diary studies (one from 1977-78; the other, 2003-2005) to obtain data to answer the following questions: How are adolescents spending their time, given that they’re working less? Are they filling their time with more developmentally enriching activities? Is the employment decline related to family income levels and/or declining wage rates? Visit the full paper here if you would like some answers to those questions.
We recently uploaded this article to UScholar Works. It’s by Elijah Millgram, Professor of Philosophy here at the University of Utah. The article takes as its topic Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morality. Written in 1887, Nietzsche’s Genealogy is considered by many scholars to be one of his greatest works, and an important work in the ethical canon. What Millgram lays out step-by-step in his article is a new way of reading the Genealogy. Briefly, Millgram’s new reading of the work postulates that in his Geneology Nietzsche presents his position on the origin of moral values in precisely the way he seems to be condemning in the work; and that he does this in order to show the effectiveness of that which he is condemning. In Millgram’s words, “The Genealogy of Morals is a very sophisticated critique of morality—for intellectuals, and that is because it is, at the same time, an exposé of the intellectuals themselves.”
About a month ago, over 100,000 people began working for the 2010 Census . The upcoming census has already been generating news in some states, partly because of a concern that some immigrant populations will be undercounted. Why am I thinking about the 2010 Census? Well, we recently uploaded a new article, Leaving Gateway Metropolitan Areas in the United States: Immigrants and the Housing Market , by Gary Painter of USC and Zhou Yu, an Assistant Professor in Family and Consumer Studies here at The University of Utah. The article details where the new emerging immigrant gateways are in the United States and also presents some surprising findings related to immigrant populations and homeownership. The data used for the article was from the 2000 Census. Now as we prepare for 2010, I’m wondering what the newest census data will yield for scholars like Painter and Yu.
Before I get to the article of the day, I thought I would give a brief overview of what USpace is. It’s a digital collection of scholarly materials produced at The University of Utah. Our goal is to collect and archive these materials–the U’s “intellectual capital”–and make them freely available on the Internet.
One of our USpace collections, UScholar Works, showcases the work of our faculty and researchers. We approach faculty at the U and request their permission to archive their articles. Sometimes we aren’t able to archive all of a faculty member’s works in UScholar Works because we can’t get permission from some publishers, but we persevere.
Really, you could call us hunter-gatherers. We hunt through faculty vitas and websites in search of articles. We use UScholar Works as a place to gather those materials and share them with the world. Anyone, anywhere, can visit the site and search any subject or phrase, say, “hunter-gatherers,” and find some of what U faculty has produced on that subject.
So, that brings me to the article of the day, by Dr. Kristen Hawkes, Distinguished Professor of Anthropology: Why Hunter-Gatherers Work: An Ancient Version of the Problem of Public Goods. Drawing on her fieldwork with the Ache of eastern Paraguay and Hadza of northern Tanzania, Dr. Hawkes offers an alternative hypothesis on differential resource sharing of hunter-gatherers, looking at the issue of why hunter-gatherers share some categories of foods more widely than others. Are you curious to know some more? Check it out in USpace.